Gangnam-gu History

The Gangnam-gu today was formerly part of Gwangju-gun and Gwacheon-gun in Gyeonggi Province during the Joseon Period. However, since its incorporation to Seoul Metropolitan Government in 1963, it has been the key of Seoul. Geographically, it is located in the southeast area of Seoul and having Tancheon in the east as the boundary, it boarders with Songpa-gu while facing Seocho-gu from Gangnamdaero in the west, Seongnam-si of Gyeonggi Province from the mountainous area in the south, and Seongdong-gu from the Han River in the north. After Yeongdong branch Office was promoted as Gangnam-gu Office on October 1, 1975, it went through numerous adjustments and from March 1, 2009, it has governed 22 community service centers and has an area of 39.55km2.

gangnam-gu-history
Joseon Period Some parts of Daewang-myeon, Gwangju-gun, Gyeonggi-do, entire Eonju-myeon, and Sangbuk-myeon & Dong-myeon in Gwacheon-gun
March 1, 1914 Reorganized Sangbuk-myeon and Dong-myeon in Gwacheon-gun into Sindong-myeon of Siheung-gun according to No. 111 of the Joseon Governor General’s Order (December 29, 1913)
January 1, 1963 Incorporated some parts of Gwangju-gun, Gyeonggi-do and some parts of Siheung-gun into Seoul according to No. 11172 of the law (November 21, 1962)
Newly established three branch offices (Eonju, Songpa, and Cheonho)

Administrative Dong and jurisdiction

  • Eonju Branch Office
    • Dogok-dong-Yeoksam-dong·Dogok (previous Yangjae-ri)·Poi-dong·Gaepo-dong
    • Sapyeong-dong-Nonhyeon-dong·Sinsa-dong·Hak-dong·Apgujeong-dong
    • Sudo-dong-Cheongdam-dong·Samseong-dong·Daechi-dong
    • Tapgok-dong-Yeomgok-dong·Naegok-dong·Sinwon-dong
  • Songpa Branch Office
    • Wonseo-dong-Irwon-dong·Suseo-dong
    • Jahyeon-dong-Jagok-dong·Yulhyeon-dong
    • Segok-dong-Segok-dong
  • Cheonho Branch Office
    • Yangjae-dong-Yangjae-dong·Wonji-dong (separated from Sinwon-ri)·Umyeon-dong
    • Namseong-dong-Sadang-dong·Bangbae-dong Seocho-dong-Seocho-dong
    • Banpo-dong-Banpo-dong·Jamwon-dong (previous Jimsil-ri)
May 18, 1970 Separated and changed names and administrative Dongs according to No. 613 of Special Ordinances of Seoul Metropolitan Government
    • Wonseo-dong → Irwon-dong / Jahyeon-dong → Segok-dong / Sapyeong-dong → Sinsa-dong
    • Sudo-dong → Cheongdam-dong / Tapgok-dong → Naegok-dong / Namseong-dong → Sadang-dong
    • Jampo-dong → Jamwon-dong
  • Separation of administrative Dongs
    • Sadang-dong → Sadang 1-dong and Sadang 2-dong
July 1, 1973 Newly established Dobong-gu and Gwanak-gu according to No. 6548 of Presidential Decree (March 12, 1973)
  • Changed jurisdiction
    • Sadang-dong and Bangbae-dong → Gwanak-gu
    • Banpo-dong, Jamwon-dong, Seocho-dong, Yangjae-dong, Umyeon-dong, and Wonji-dong → Seongdong-gu
    • Abolished the branch offices of Songpa, Eonju, Sindong, Seungin, and Nohae and newly established the Yeong-dong branch office in Seongdong-gu according to No. 780 of Special ordinance of Seoul Metropolitan Government
  • Jurisdiction of Yeongdong Branch Office (27 Dongs – Legal districts)
    • Irwon-dong, Suseo-dong, Segok-dong, Jagok-dong, Yulhyeon-dong, Dogok-dong, Yeoksam-dong, Poi-dong, Gaepo-dong, Sinsa-dong, Nonhyeon-dong, Hak-dong, Apgujeong-dong, Cheongdam-dong, Samseong-dong, Daechi-dong, Naegok-dong, Yeomgok-dong, Sinwon-dong, Jamwon-dong, Banpo-dong, Seocho-dong, Yangjae-dong, Umyeon-dong, Wonji-dong, Jamsil-dong, Sincheon-dong
October 1, 1975 Installed Sadang 3-dong and Jamsil-dong as an administrative Dong according to No. 784 of Special ordinance of Seoul Metropolitan Government
Separated Gangnam-gu from Seongdong-gu and abolished Yeongdong Branch Office (3 departments, 1 bureau, 14 divisions, 47 centers, 13 Dongs) according to No. 7816 of Presidential Decree (September 23, 1979)
  • Jurisdiction of Gangnam-gu
    • Myeongil-dong, Hail-dong, Godeok-dong, Sangil-dong, Gil-dong, Dunchon-dong, Amsa-dong, Seongnae-dong, Pungnap-dong, Cheonho-dong, Songpa-dong, Seokchon-dong, Samjeon-dong, Garak-dong, I-dong, Ogeum-dong, Bangi-dong, Munjeong-dong, Jangji-dong, Geoyeo-dong, Macheon-dong, Jamsil-dong, Sincheon-dong, Irwon-dong, Suseo-dong, Jagok-dong, Yulhyeon-dong, Segok-dong, Yeoksam-dong, Poi-dong, Gaepo-dong, Dogok-dong, Nonhyeon-dong, Sinsa-dong, Hak-dong, Apgujeong-dong, Cheongdam-dong, Samseong-dong, Daechi-dong, Yeomgok-dong, Naegok-dong, Sinwon-dong, Banpo-dong, Jamwon-dong, Seocho-dong, Yangjae-dong, Umyeon-dong, Wonji-dong
  • Separation of administrative Dongs
    • Jamsil-dong and some of Bangi-dong → Jamsil 1 & 2-dong
    • Jamsil Apartment Complex → Jamsil 3 & 4-dong
    • Myeongil-dong → Myeongil-dong & Hail-dong
    • Geoyeo-dong → Geoyeo-dong & Macheon-dong
    • Cheonho-dong → Cheonho 1 & 2-dong
September 1, 1977 Incorporated some parts of Sincheon-dong, Gangnam-gu into Seongdong-gu according to No. 8666 of Presidential Decree
Separated Dongs according to No. 1181 of Special ordinance of Seoul Metropolitan Government (August 29, 1977): (24 Dongs → 28 Dongs)
  • Separation of administrative Dongs
    • Sinsa-dong → Sinsa-dong and Nonhyeon-dong
    • Cheongdam-dong → Cheongdam-dong and Samseong-dong
    • Dogok-dong → Dogok-dong and Yeoksam-dong
    • Seongnae-dong → Seongnae-dong and Pungnap-dong
October 10, 1978 Separated administrative Dongs according to No. 1286 of Special ordinance of Seoul Metropolitan Government (28 Dongs→ 32 Dongs)
  • Separation of administrative Dongs
    • Jamsil 2-dong → Jamsil 2-dong and Jamsil 5-dong
    • Jamwon-dong → Banpo 1-dong and Banpo 2-dong
    • Amsa-dong → Amsa 1-dong and Amsa 2-dong
October 1, 1979 Promoted Cheonho Branch Office into Gangdong-gu and separated from Gangnam-gu according to No. 9630 of Presidential Decree. Installed Dong Office according to 1362 of Special ordinance of Seoul Metropolitan Government (September 29, 1979): (19 Dongs→ 14 Dongs)
  • Gangnam-gu excluded Jurisdiction
    • Hail-dong, Sangil-dong, Myeongil-dong , Godeok-dong, Amsa-dong, Cheonho-dong, Seongnae-dong, Pungnap-dong, Gil-dong Dunchon-dong, Geoyeo-dong, Macheon-dong, Bangi-dong, Ogeum-dong, Songpa-dong, Seokchon-dong, Garak-dong, Munjeong-dong Jamsil-dong, Sincheon-dong, Samseong-dong, Samjeon-dong, Suseo-dong, Jagok-dong, Yulhyeon-dong, and some parts of Jangji-dong
    • Incorporated Bangbae-dong, Dongjak-dong, and some parts of Sadang-dong from Gwanak-gu into Gangnam-gu according to No. 9630 of Presidential Decree(September 26, 1979)
April 1, 1980 Installed and separated administrative Dongs according to No. 1413 of Special ordinance of Seoul Metropolitan Government (March 31, 1980): (14 Dongs→ 22 Dongs)
  • Installation of administrative Dongs
    • Banpobon-dong, Bangbaebon-dong, Bangbae 1-dong, and Bangbae 2-dong
  • Separation of administrative Dongs
    • Samseong-dong→ Samseong-dong, Daechi1-dong, Daechi2-dong
    • Yeoksam-dong→ Yeoksam1-dong, Yeoksam2-dong
    • Seocho-dong→ Seocho 1-dong, Seocho 2-dong
July 1, 1980 Separated administrative Dongs according to No. 1413 of Special ordinance of Seoul Metropolitan Government: (22 Dongs→ 24 Dongs)
  • Sinsa-dong → Sinsa-dong, Apgujeong-dong
  • Nonhyeon-dong → Nonhyeon-dong, Hak-dong
April 20, 1982 Abolished Hak-dong (Legal Dong) → Incorporated into lot numbers of Nonhyeon-dong
January 1, 1983 Separated administrative Dongs according to No. 1691 of Special ordinance of Seoul Metropolitan Government: (24 Dongs→ 26 Dongs)
  • Jamwon-dong → Jamwon-dong, Banpo 3-dong
  • Dogok-dong → Dogok-dong, Gaepo-dong
December 1, 1983
  • Separated administrative Dongs according to No. 1814 of Special ordinance of Seoul Metropolitan Government: (26 Dongs→ 27 Dongs)
    • Gaepo-dong → Gaepo1-dong, Gaepo2-dong
  • Separated administrative Dongs according to No. 20 of Special ordinance of Seoul Metropolitan Government (August 8, 1985): (27 Dongs→ 31 Dongs)
    • ngbae 2-dong → Bangbae 2-dong, Bangbae 3-dong
    • Gaepo2-dong → Gaepo2-dong, Gaepo3-dong
    • Samseong-dong → Samseong1-dong, Samseong2-dong
    • Daechi2-dong → Daechi2-dong, Daechi3-dong
January 1, 1988 Separated Gangnam-gu according to No. 12367 of Presidential Decree (January 1, 1988) as Gangnam-gu and Seocho-gu (5 departments, 1 office, 1 bureau, 22 divisions, 70 centers): (31 Dongs→ 17 Dongs)
  • Jurisdiction of Gangnam-gu (17 Dongs)
    • Sinsa-dong, Nonhyeon-dong, Hak-dong, Apgujeong-dong, Cheongdam-dong, Samseong1 & 2-dong, Daechi1-dong, Daechi 2 & 3-dong, Yeoksam 1 & 2-dong, Gaepo 1 & 2 & 3-dong, Segok-dong, Irwon-dong
  • Jurisdiction of Seocho-gu (14 Dongs)
    • Seocho-gu 1 & 2-dong, Jamwon-dong, Banpobon-dong, Banpo 1 & 2 & 3-dong, Bangbaebon-dong, Bangbae 1 & 2 & 3-dong, Dogok-dong, Yangjae-dong, Naegok-dong
July 1, 1988
  • Separated administrative Dongs according to No. 59 of Ordinances of Gangnam-gu (June 27, 1988): (17 Dongs→ 21 Dongs)
    • Apgujeong-dong→ Apgujeong1-dong, Apgujeong2-dong
    • Cheongdam-dong→ Cheongdam1-dong, Cheongdam2-dong
    • Daechi1-dong→ Daechi1-dong, Daechi 4-dong
    • Gaepo1-dong→ Gaepo1-dong, Gaepo 4-dong
  • Separated Dogok-dong according to No. 59 of Ordinances of Seocho-gu on July 1, 1988 (June 29, 1988)
    • Dogok-dong → Dogok1-dong, Dogok2-dong
July 6, 1988 Newly established 2 divisions according to No. 2254 of Regulations of Seoul Metropolitan City (Home & Welfare Division, Cadaster Division)
January 1, 1989 Formed boundary of autonomous region according to No. 12557 of Presidential Decree (December 22, 1988)
  • Incorporated some parts of Gaepo 4-dong (Poi-dong) into Seocho-gu
  • Incorporated Dogok 1 & 2-dong into Gangnam-gu: (21 Dongs→ 23 Dongs)
November 3, 1989 Restructured organizations according to No. 2340 of Regulations of Seoul Metropolitan City
  • New establishment: Public Information and Cultural Center, Audit Office, Planning & Budget Division, Sewage Division
  • Change: Saemaeul Division→ National Movement Support Division, Healthy Living Division → Sports for All Division
November 21, 1989 Transferred the Water Supply Management Division and Waterworks Division to the Office of Waterworks in the Seoul Metropolitan Government according to Clause 4, Article 11 of Ordinances of Waterworks Installation for Seoul Metropolitan Government
May 15, 1990 Newly established Land Administration Division according to organization revision as stipulated in No. 13006 of Presidential Decree (May 15, 1990)
October 1, 1992 Changed Dong name and separated administrative Dongs according to No. 200 of Autonomous District Ordinance (August 1, 1992): (23 Dongs→ 26 Dongs)
  • Change of Dong name
    • Nonhyeon-dong → Nonhyeon1-dong
    • Hak-dong → Nonhyeon2-dong
  • Separation of administrative Dongs
    • Some parts of Irwon-dong → Irwonbon-dong, Irwon 1-dong
    • Some parts of Daechi 2-dong, Gaepo 3-dong, and Irwon-dong → Irwon 2-dong
    • Some parts of Irwon-dong → Suseo-dong
January 11, 1995 Formed boundary between Dongs according to No. 292 of Gu Ordinance (January 11, 1995)
  • Some parts of Daechi-dong, Irwon-dong → Incorporated to Gaepo-dong
  • Some parts of Suseo-dong → Incorporated to Irwon-dong
  • Some parts of Irwon-dong → Incorporated to Suseo-dong
April 7, 1995 No. 296 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  • National Movement Support Division, Sports for All Division → Social Promotion Division
  • Taxation Division 1 and Taxation Division 2 → Taxation Management Division, Taxation Division 1, and Taxation Division 2
  • Absorption of Cadaster Division from Urban Maintenance Bureau into Land Administration Division at its transfer to Finance Bureau
  • Local Transportation Division → Separation into Transportation Policy Division and Traffic Control Division
January 15, 1996 Name change from Civil Defense Division of General Affair Bureau to Civil Defense and Disaster Management Division according to No. 324 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul (proclaimed on November 22, 1995)
December 1, 1996 No. 351 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul (proclaimed on November 29, 1996)
  • New establishment of Planning Office incorporating Public Information and Cultural Center, Audit Office, and Planning & Budget Division from General Affair Bureau
  • Incorporation of General Affairs Division, Civil Division, Social Promotion Division, and Civil Defense and Disaster Management Division into General Affair Bureau
  • Incorporation of Finance Administration Division, Taxation Management Division, Taxation Division 1, Taxation Division 2, and Cadaster Division into Finance Bureau
  • Incorporation of Social Welfare Division, Home & Welfare Division, Sanitation Division, Industry Division, Environment Division, and Cleaning Division into Civil Bureau
  • Incorporation of Housing Division, Transportation Policy Division, Traffic Control Division, Urban Maintenance Division, and Architecture Division into Urban Maintenance Bureau
  • Incorporation of Construction Management Division, Civil Construction Division, Sewage Division, Public Park Service & Landscaping Division into Construction Bureau
  • Transfer of Civil Affairs & Service Office to General Affair Bureau and Change of its name to Civil Division
October 1, 1997 No. 371 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul (proclaimed on September 26, 1997)
  • Name change of Construction Bureau to Construction and Transportation Bureau
  • Incorporation of Transportation Policy Division and Traffic Control Division into Urban Maintenance Bureau
  • Transfer of Environment Division in Civil Bureau into Urban Maintenance Bureau
October 10, 1998 No. 404 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul (proclaimed on October 10, 1998)
  • (Reduction of 1 Bureau → Abolition of Planning Office) Planning and Budget Office + Audit Office → Planning and Audit Office (Vice-mayor advisory organization)
  • 3 divisions in Taxation Department (Taxation Management Division + Taxation Division 1 + Taxation Division 2) → 2 divisions in Taxation Department (Taxation Division 1 and Taxation Division 2)
  • Sanitation Division + Public Health & Administration Division → Public Health & Sanitation Division (belonged to Public Health Center)
  • New establishment of an organization to promote computation information system → Computerization & Information Division (belonged to Finance Bureau)
  • Environment Division + Urban Maintenance Division → Urban Environment Division (belonged to Urban Management Department)
  • Newly established division according to organization adjustment of the Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs → Passport Division (belonged to Administrative Management Bureau)
  • Changed name of departments and divisions
    • General Affair Bureau → Administrative Management Bureau and Civil Bureau → Living & Welfare Department and Urban Maintenance Bureau → Urban Management Department
    • Civil Division → Civil Service Division and Culture & Public Information Office → Culture & Public Information Division
    • Industry Division → Local Economy Division and Cleaning Division → Recycle Division and Sewage Division → River Maintenance Division
November 5, 1999 No. 445 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul (proclaimed on November 5, 1999)
  • Incorporation of General Affairs Division, Culture & Public Information Division, Civil Petition & Passport Services, Social Promotion Division, and a temporary organization Policy Planning Team into Administrative Management Bureau
  • Abolition of Civil Defense and Disaster Management Division and separation of its function into General Affairs Division, Civil Petition & Passport Services, and River Maintenance Division
    • Civil Service Division + Passport Division + Civil Defense and Disaster Management Division (disease-related projects) → Civil Petition & Passport Services
    • General Affairs Division + Civil Defense and Disaster Management Division (civil defense plan, education, and drill) → General Affairs Division
    • River Maintenance Division + Civil Defense and Disaster Management Division (safety instruction) → River Maintenance Division
    • New establishment of Policy Planning Team
  • Change of superior bureau of Public Park Service & Landscaping Division from Construction and Transportation Bureau to Urban Management Department
July 1, 2001 No. 510 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul (proclaimed on July 1, 2001)
  • Planning & Audit Office → Civil Affair Audit Office + Policy Planning Division
  • and Recycle Division → Environment Cleaning Division
  • Urban Environment Division → Urban Planning Division
  • Abolition of a temporary organization Policy Planning Team and new establishment of Autonomous Administration Division as a tenant organization
  • Separation of environment-related affairs into Environment Cleaning Division and River Maintenance Division
May 17, 2002 No. 534 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  • Location change of Sinsa-dong Office
    • Amended from Sinsa-dong 543-5 to Sinsa-dong 548-1
  • Location change of Nonhyeon1-dong Office
    • Amended from Nonhyeon-dong 58-13 to Nonhyeon-dong 133-13
June 10, 2005 No. 619 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  • Address change of Public Health Center, Cheongdam2-dong Office, and Samseong 2-dong Office in the Appendix
September 30, 2005 No. 628 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  • New establishment of Disaster Management Division in Administrative Management Bureau by the amendment on the regulations for administrative organizations and quota of local government (No. 18603 of Presidential Decree, proclaimed on December 18, 2004
December 29, 2006 No. 668 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  • Administrative Management Bureau → Administration Bureau
  • Living & Welfare Department → Resident Living Department
  • New establishment of Welfare Policy Division, Culture & Sports Division
  • Incorporation of Disaster management Division and River Maintenance Division to River Maintenance Division
May 18, 2007 No. 692 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  • Abolishment of a temporary organization called Traffic Policy Planning Group and new establishment of Urban Economy Planning Group
  • New establishment of Business Support Division
  • New establishment of Education Support Division
August 3, 2007 No. 707 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  • Separation of Environment Cleaning Division of Resident Living Department to Cleaning Division and Environment Division
  • New establishment of Urban Design Division in Urban Management Department
January 1, 2008 No. 716 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul (proclaimed on November 9, 2007): Changed the name of administrative Dong
  • Abolishment of Poi-dong among the legal Dongs and incorporation to Gaepo-dong
March 1, 2009 Incorporation of some Dongs according to No. 780 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul (February 27, 1909): (26 Dongs→22 Dongs)
  • Apgujeong 1, 2-dong → Apgujeong-dong
  • Cheongdam 1, 2-dong → Cheongdam-dong
  • Daechi 2, 3-dong → Daechi 2-dong
  • Gaepo 2, 3-dong → Gaepo 2-dong
New establishment of Taxation Management Division and Senior Citizen Welfare Division in Gangnam-gu Office
Change of division name
  • Cleaning Division → Cleaning Administration Division
  • Traffic Control Division → Parking Management Division
April 30, 2010 No. 968 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  • Abolishment of Business Support Division
  • New establishment of Employment Policy Division to Finance and Economy Bureau
  • Finance Bureau → Finance & Economy Bureau
August 13, 2010 No. 979 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
Changed the name of 5 bureaus (Planning & Economy Bureau, Welfare & Culture Bureau, Welfare & Environment Bureau, Transportation Safety Bureau, Administration Bureau) for work and service–oriented, creative and dynamic organization operation, reinforcement of increased administrative demand, and maximization of organizational efficiency by incorporating and abolishing similar functions
  • Planning & Economy Bureau
    • Planning & Budget Division, Local Economy Division, Employment Policy Division, Taxation Management Division, Taxation Division 1, Taxation Division 2
  • Welfare & Culture Bureau
    • Welfare Policy Division, Child Care Support Division, Social Welfare Division, Senior Citizen Welfare Division, Culture & Sports Division, Cleaning Administration Division
  • Welfare & Environment Bureau
    • Housing Division, Urban Planning Division, Architecture Division, Environment Division, Public Park Service & Landscaping Division, Real Estate Division, Urban Design Division
  • Transportation Safety Bureau
    • Transportation Policy Division, Parking Management Division, Vehicle Management & Registration Division, Construction Management Division, Road Management Division, River Maintenance Division
  • Administration Bureau
    • General Affairs Division, Self-governing Administration Division, Finance Administration Division, Education Support Division, Computerization & Information Division, Civil Petition & Passport Services
December 23, 2011 No. 1071 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  • Abolishment of Urban Design Division
October 26, 2012 No. 1104 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
Reinforcement of tourism organizations for effective response to dynamic tourism demand and substantiality of tourism policy
  • New establishment of Tourism Promotion Division to Planning & Economy Bureau
July 26, 2013 In accordance with No. 1149 of Ordinances for Installation of Administrative Organization in Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  • Changed the name from Construction Management Division to Safety & Construction Division
the person in charge
General Affairs Division Tel.02-3423-5162
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