Korean Education
  • Gangnam-gu is known for a great zeal for education within Korea and it has relatively higher acceptance rate for prestigious schools compared to other regions. Korea’s educational system requires that students attend a school belonging in the district of their residence, and in many cases, affluent families move to Gangnam-gu to give them an access to better universities. As a result, it has become a social issue, with clever and wealthy students or clever and highly enthusiastic students flocking to high schools in Gangnam district. Notably the alumni from prestigious universities, who are Gangnam natives, have made important contributions to the society.
Korean Schools
  • As a highly Confucius society, Korea has placed a great emphasis on education. Many parents have made sacrifices for their children’s education and students stay in school for the bulk of the day, studying. To be admitted to top universities, high school students spend bulk of their time studying for college entrance examination(the scholastic aptitude assessment) and after graduating from universities, they may attain employment, leave for language training or pursue higher education.
  • Korean Education System
    • Korea adopts 1-6-3-3 system (a year in kindergarten, 6 years in elementary school, 3 years in middle school and 3 years in high school), and a new academic year starts in early March and ends in February of next year, with about 40 days for summer vacation and about 45 days for winter vacation.
    • . In Korea, secondary education is mandatory while post secondary education is not. However, currently high school enrollment is 99.5%, indicating that almost all Koreans attend high school.
  • History of Korean Education
    • The first educational curriculum (1956 ~ 1962)
      • The first educational curriculum centered on the curriculum subjects and lifestyle. In particular, Anticommunism training, ethics education or job training was stressed. By allocating separate hours for extracurricular activities, the education sought to foster potentials all-round and well-rounded education.
    • The second educational curriculum (1963 ~ 1972)
      • The second educational curriculum focused on lifestyle and experience-oriented education and coinciding with 5-year economic plan, it emphasized independence, productivity and practicality. In elementary education, reform in the areas of curriculum, extracurricular, anticommunism or ethical activities with the purpose of all education in Korean. Middle Schools also had the third reform and common compulsory classes and no selective classes. In contrast, liberal arts high school divided liberal arts, science and job training courses in addition to compulsory courses for students’ selection.
    • The third educational curriculum (1973 ~ 1981)
      • If the second educational curriculum centered on experience, the third education curriculum sets its focus on academics and the education. With the exception of anti-communism and ethics in elementary school for the second reform. The middle school has also started the second reform and set apart Korean history as a separate subject. High school education has classified extracurricular activities into mandatory, mandatory electives and electives by courses.
    • The fourth educational curriculum (1981 ~ 1989)
      • The fourth educational curriculum has put an emphasis on fostering healthy individuals required for democratic, high-speed and ethically sound society. Future-seeking and individual-focused educations have replaced the existing system. Elementary school introduced the evaluation 항목 and middle school has newly established electives, emphasizing the general education. High schools have integrated curriculums of liberal arts, technical and other types of high schools and came up with unified system.
    • The fifth educational curriculum (1989 ~ 1994)
      • The education was centered on independence, ethics, creativity and health, while focusing on localization and efficiency in curriculum. In elementary school, mathematics and Korean were separated while in middle school, the hours for math and science subjects were shortened. High school reduced the pressure on students by publishing textbooks according to the subject units and started administrating college scholastic aptitude tests.
    • The sixth educational curriculum (1995 ~ 1998)
      • The sixth educational curriculum focused on pursing health, independence, creativity and ethics while fostering a sense of community as a citizen of democracy and virtues. It further sought to educating students to respond to changes due to the information age and globalization. By strengthening the education on proprieties and adopting the system of electives, high school has opt for open-end system.
    • The seventh educational curriculum (2000 ~ Present)
      • Aiming for sound integrity, creativity and curriculum in response to countless changes a new century would bring, the seventh educational curriculum set its sights on fundamental education and preparing students for the globalized and information era, Pursuant to ‘learner focused education’, the curriculum revised the educational courses and strengthened autonomy of the region and schools. Adopting common standardized curriculum and courses by education levels, the curriculum has added optional courses, elective courses and extracurricular activities.
    Admission for children of foreigners
    •  For children of foreign nationality wish to attend schools in Korea, the assessment of the academic level will based on the previous educational records. Prospective students must be competent in Korean.Children of overseas Koreans or foreigners who wish to attend or transfer to elementary schools in Korea, must present the proof of entry/departure or the proof of Alien Registration issued by the head of the immigrant office.
    • Furthermore, in the light of international agreements on the children's rights and respect for human rights, to expand the educational opportunities provided for the children of illegal immigrants, the admission to elementary and middle school is allowed
    • In such case, to prove the child’s residence in the given district, the supporting documents(contracts for JeonsaeㆍWolsae, proof of residence, inwoo warranty and etc) can be submitted.
    • For a foreigner who wants to attend or transfer to schools in Gangnam-gu, call the Education Department of Gangnam-gu Office for more details. (TEL 02-511-6129)
    Colleges/Universities in Korea
    • A few universities in Korea offer degree programs in English, and Graduate School of International Studies (GSIS). Some Korean universities run undergrad program in conjunction with their sister schools from countries around the world, and have international exchange program such as credit interchange of exchange students, visiting professors and the exchange of academics.
    • Foreign students with competency in Korean may apply for regular degree programs in universities. For details and information on application procedures, make inquires to the school.
    • Before coming to Korea, students must apply for a student visa. For foreigners in possession of other long-term visas to be admitted to universities, they must apply for a change of visa status to get student visa issued.
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